Who is Joe?
Joe Baltrukonis has been a member of the University of Minnesota Extension Ramsey County Master Gardener Program since 2000. He frequently publishes articles on sustainable and eco-friendly horticultural topics for not only our members, but for other gardening organizations as well. His wife Jennifer, edits and proofs Joe's articles- her eye for detail keeps Joe's information accurate and timely. Jennifer also writes articles for us. We hope you enjoy perusing this website for gardening topics that interest you, the home gardener.

A note from Lt. Uslabar about the upcoming Ramsey County Correctional plant sale:

Hello, my name is Lt. Sean Uslabar, and I am the manager and coordinator of the Ramsey County Correctional Facility’s nursery program. On behalf of RCCF, and the Volunteers In Corrections (“VIC”) I would like to welcome you to our 2020 Spring Flower Sale. We look forward to your arrival and thank all returning customers for your continued patronage, and to any newcomers, welcome!! We hope you will find many special items to beautify your homes and yards with.


At our last garden club meeting, a very good question was asked about the timing of pre-emergent crabgrass control. NOW is the time for all good home owners to come to the aid of their lawns. 

Crabgrass plants are easy to identify. The seedlings are usually a light emerald green with thick ¼” wide leaves. Other grass seedlings are a darker green with finer leaves. The coarse leaves of this weed grow low to the ground and resemble a bunch of crab legs growing out from the center. It loves full sun and does not do well in shade. Crabgrass is an annual plant that grows during our warm summer months and then dies with the first hard frost. 

A friend had trouble growing a good crop of peppers here in Minnesota. I wondered why. Here is what I found out:

Peppers are perennial, tropical plants, but here in MN we grow them as warm season annuals. Flavor is improved in warm weather and is lessened when it is cool or cloudy. Hot peppers often can withstand higher temperatures, while many small fruited varieties tolerate both cool and very warm weather. Check the days to maturity; some hotter peppers require long growing seasons. Days to maturity is measured from the time that the young plant is put into the ground until the first fruits are ready to eat.

As I write this, at least a half foot of late-fallen snow covers my garden. Judging from the green grass of last fall, my wife and I have a serious quackgrass problem this spring. So, I investigated what I should do to control the stuff now and in future years.

Integrated weed management of quackgrass begins with the proper identification of the weed. Roots of quackgrass have long, white, wiry, slender, branching rhizomes that can spread up to 10 feet. Small, clasping ear-like projections (auricles) at the base of each leaf circles the stem. Once you start digging out the numerous wiry roots of this grass, identification will never be a problem.

I am looking at catalogs and catalogs of all sorts of new and old and exciting perennial plants. Wow, they are all beautiful, but they are expensive! 

There is another way to cure plant deprivation needs: seeds. With seeds, you can grow as many little plants as you want, plus have plenty left over to donate to support your local plant sales, or to share with fellow gardeners. Some of these seed-sown plants may require a year of more before they are large enough to bloom, but seed prices are economical for filling your garden. Some plants, especially beautiful wildflower species and exotic tropicals, are not readily available in nurseries as plants. A google search for perennial seeds will provide hundreds of choices. Checking Dave’s Garden Watchdog will find plenty of reliable vendors. When purchasing, be sure that the plants will be winter hardy here (anything rated Zone 4 or lower for hardiness will be fine). Tender perennials will have to be brought indoors during the winter.